Toward verbalizing ontologies in isiZulu

Keet, C. Maria and Khumalo, Langa (2014) Toward verbalizing ontologies in isiZulu, Proceedings of 4th Workshop on Controlled Natural Language (CNL'14), 20-22 August 2014, Galway, Ireland, 8625, 78-89, Springer.

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IsiZulu is one of the eleven official languages of South Africa and roughly half the population can speak it. It is the first (home) language for over 10 million people in South Africa. Only a few computational resources exist for isiZulu and its related Nguni languages, yet the imperative for tool development exists. We focus on natural language generation, and the grammar options and preferences in particular, which will inform verbalization of knowledge representation languages and could contribute to machine translation. The verbalization pattern specification shows that the grammar rules are elaborate and there are several options of which one may have preference. We devised verbalization patterns for subsumption, basic disjointness, existential and universal quantification, and conjunction. This was evaluated in a survey among linguists and non-linguists. Some differences between linguists and non-linguists can be observed, with the former much more in agreement, and preferences depend on the overall structure of the sentence, such as singular for subsumption and plural in other cases.

Item Type: Conference paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: isiZulu, natural language generation
Subjects: Computing methodologies > Artificial intelligence
Human-centered computing
Alternate Locations:,
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2014
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2019 15:32

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