Graphics Processing Unit Accelerated Coarse-Grained Protein-Protein Docking
Tunbridge, Ian (2011) Graphics Processing Unit Accelerated Coarse-Grained Protein-Protein Docking. PhD, Department of Computer Science, University of Cape Town.
Graphics processing unit (GPU) architectures are increasingly used for general purpose computing, providing the means to migrate algorithms from the SISD paradigm, synonymous with CPU architectures, to the SIMD paradigm. Generally programmable commodity multi-core hardware can result in significant speed-ups for migrated codes. Because of their computational complexity, molecular simulations in particular stand to benefit from GPU acceleration.
Coarse-grained molecular models provide reduced complexity when compared to the traditional, computationally expensive, all-atom models. However, while coarse-grained models are much less computationally expensive than the all-atom approach, the pairwise energy calculations required at each iteration of the algorithm continue to cause a computational bottleneck for a serial implementation.
In this work, we describe a GPU implementation of the Kim-Hummer coarse-grained model for protein docking simulations, using a Replica Exchange Monte-Carlo (REMC) method. Our highly parallel implementation vastly increases the size- and time scales accessible to molecular simulation. We describe in detail the complex process of migrating the algorithm to a GPU as well as the effect of various GPU approaches and optimisations on algorithm speed-up.
Our benchmarking and profiling shows that the GPU implementation scales very favourably compared to a CPU implementation. Small reference simulations benefit from a modest speedup of between 4 to 10 times. However, large simulations, containing many thousands of residues, benefit from asynchronous GPU acceleration to a far greater degree and exhibit speed-ups of up to 1400 times.
We demonstrate the utility of our system on some model problems. We investigate the effects of macromolecular crowding, using a repulsive crowder model, finding our results to agree with those predicted by scaled particle theory. We also perform initial studies into the simulation of viral capsids assembly, demonstrating the crude assembly of capsid pieces into a small fragment.
This is the first implementation of REMC docking on a GPU, and the effectuate speed-ups alter the tractability of large scale simulations: simulations that otherwise require months or years can be performed in days or weeks using a GPU.
|EPrint Type:||Electronic Thesis or Dissertation|
|Keywords:||GPGPU,GPU, CUDA, protein-protein simulations, coarse grained model, Monte Carlo REMC|
|Subjects:||J Computer Applications: J.2 PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING|
I Computing Methodologies: I.6 SIMULATION AND MODELING
|Deposited By:||Kuttel, Michelle|
|Deposited On:||22 June 2011|