UCT CS Research Document Archive

Anomaly Detection and Prediction of Human Actions in a Video Surveillance Environment

Spasic, Nemanja (2007) Anomaly Detection and Prediction of Human Actions in a Video Surveillance Environment. MSc, Department of Computer Science, University of Cape Town.

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Abstract

World wide focus has over the years been shifting towards security issues, not in least due to recent world wide terrorist activities. Several researchers have proposed state of the art surveillance systems to help with some of the security issues with varying success. Recent studies have suggested that the ability of these surveillance systems to learn common environmental behaviour patterns as wells as to detect and predict unusual, or anomalous, activities based on those learnt patterns are possible improvements to those systems. In addition, some of these surveillance systems are still run by human operators, who are prone to mistakes and may need some help from the surveillance systems themselves in detection of anomalous activities. This dissertation attempts to address these suggestions by combining the fields of Image Understanding and Artificial Intelligence, specifically Bayesian Networks, to develop a prototype video surveillance system that can learn common environmental behaviour patterns, thus being able to detect and predict anomalous activity in the environment based on those learnt patterns. In addition, this dissertation aims to show how the prototype system can adapt to these anomalous behaviours and integrate them into its common patterns over a prolonged occurrence period. The prototype video surveillance system showed good performance and ability to detect, predict and integrate anomalous activity in the evaluation tests that were performed using a volunteer in an experimental indoor environment. In addition, the prototype system performed quite well on the PETS 2002 dataset 1, which it was not designed for. The evaluation procedure used some of the evaluation metrics commonly used on the PETS datasets. Hence, the prototype system provides a good approach to anomaly detection and prediction using Bayesian Networks trained on common environmental activities.

EPrint Type:Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Keywords:Image Understanding, Artificial Intelligence, Bayesian Networks, Video Surveillance, Anomaly Detection and Prediction.
Subjects:I Computing Methodologies: I.5 PATTERN RECOGNITION
I Computing Methodologies: I.2 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
I Computing Methodologies: I.4 IMAGE PROCESSING AND COMPUTER VISION
ID Code:449
Deposited By:Spasic, Nemanja
Deposited On:04 Febuary 2008