UCT CS Research Document Archive

The Effects of Group Collaboration on Presence in a Collaborative Virtual Environment

Casanueva, J.S. and E.H. Blake (2000) The Effects of Group Collaboration on Presence in a Collaborative Virtual Environment. Technical Report CS00-07-00, Department of Computer Science, University of Cape Town.

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Abstract

Presence in Collaborative Virtual Environments (CVEs) can be classified into personal presence and co-presence. Personal presence is having a feeling of “being there” in the CVE yourself. Co-presence is having a feeling that one is in the same place as the other participants, and that one is collaborating with real people. In this paper we describe an experiment used to investigate the effects that small group collaboration and interaction has on personal presence and specially co-presence in a CVE. We hypothesise that collaboration and interaction enhances co-presence in a CVE. We found that there was a large difference in co-presence between two CVEs which produced different levels of collaboration and interaction. This supports our hypotheses that just having virtual representations of others is not sufficient to create a high sense of co-presence, and that one needs collaboration and interaction in order to enhance co-presence in a CVE. We measured personal presence subjectively, using a questionnaire developed by Slater et al. We have developed a co-presence questionnaire which assesses the levels of co-presence subjectively. We have also developed a collaboration questionnaire which measures group collaboration subjectively, as well as the degree of enjoyment and comfort with others in the group.

EPrint Type:Departmental Technical Report
Keywords:Collaboration, presence, virtual environment
Subjects:I Computing Methodologies: I.3 COMPUTER GRAPHICS
H Information Systems: H.5 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION
ID Code:285
Deposited By:Maunder, AJ
Deposited On:14 Febuary 2006